Rocking Horse – Europeana Sample

Cultural Heritage Object


E 1405,0464


Rocking horse


This rocking horse comes from the Unna-Massen Refugee Centre, or LUM (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany), where it was used in the pre-school.

Current Location:

DOMiD-Archiv, Köln


The Unna-Massen Refugee Centre (LUM) was built in 1951 as North Rhine-Westphalia’s transit camp, and it was closed in 2009.
After they arrived in the Friedland “border transit camp” (Lower Saxony State Office for Asylum Seekers and Refugees), homeland expellees, refugees from the GDR, and repatriates were resettled in other states. Newly arrived people in NRW were taken care of at the facility, which was not fenced in, before they were resettled in other communities in North Rhine-Westphalia. As a result of the signing of the Warsaw Pact the numbers of repatriates received at the Unna-Massen Refugee Centre increased significantly. The city of Unna established an administrative branch office there in 1976. People staying at the centre could submit applications for personal IDs and refugee identity certificates there, pay their pension and health insurance contributions, and look through the job adverts listed through the employment office. This administrative branch office made life easier for the centre’s residents, but it also cut them off from the “outside world”.
Residents waited at the centre for their paperwork to be processed so that they could then be resettled elsewhere. Until 1989 they were able to choose where in Germany they wanted to live. In the following years, this policy was severely restricted. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the number of repatriates looking to rebuild their lives in Germany began to increase again. Starting in 1993 they were officially called “Spätaussiedler” – “late” repatriates – but their status according to the Federal Expellee Law remained identical to that of previous repatriates. Those who wanted to come to Germany were required to submit an application and to prove their identity as a so-called “German minority”. From 1996 on their language abilities were also tested. It sometimes took years before the approval came through, and they were allowed to come to Germany.
In the 1990s, Unna-Massen and other larger “camps” such as Marienfelde and Friedland mostly housed late repatriates and asylum seekers from all over the world. Until the end of the 1980s, repatriates came mostly from Poland and Romania. Since the 1990s, they have come predominantly from the former Soviet Union. Over the years, the institution grew considerably – new buildings were added, such as a school, a pre-school, several shops and even a pub.


The Unna-Massen Refugee Centre (LUM) was built in 1951 as North Rhine-Westphalia’s transit camp, and it was closed in 2009.


Wood, wool


Copyright © DOMiD-Archiv, Köln


The original object was handed over to DOMiD-Archiv by the Landesstelle Unna-Massen in 2017

Type: 3D


Migration. Repatriates. Late repatriates. Childhood. Refugees. Asylum. Germany. North Rhine-Westphalia

Digital Resource


Fraunhofer IGD




File Size: 564MB | Number of vertices: 2.5M | Number of faces: 5M | Texture: 8k | Geometry: Manifold



Date of Acquisition:



Schurig, Martin

System Specification:

Nikon D610, AF-S Nikkor 50 mm 1,8 lens

Acquisition Technique:

Autonomous Photogrammetric acquisition with NBV planning

Instrument settings:

Aperture: f/13 | Exposure: 1/80 | Sensitivity: ISO-200

Processing Specifications:

Color characterization – ICC profiles, Automatic image masking, 3D reconstruction (Agisoft Metashape), Cleaning.


Data Provider:

DOMiD-Archiv, Köln

Intermediate Provider:

Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek